Yorkshire formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom. Because of its great size the areas of civil administration are North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire.
Yorkshire is the largest of the 39 historic counties of England. The region has a strong cultural identity and offers visitors a wonderful variety of thriving urban centres, important historic towns and world famous countryside. The Humber forms a southern boundary with the East Midlands and to the west, across the Pennines, lies North West England. East and North Yorkshire has coastlines on the North Sea.
Within the borders of the historic county of Yorkshire are vast stretches of unspoiled countryside. The Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors and the stunning coastline give Yorkshire its well-deserved nicknamed "God's Own County.
Forget flat caps, mines and whippets, Yorkshire is a contemporary county which hasn't neglected its roots.
The emblem of Yorkshire is the White Rose of the English royal House of York, and the most commonly used flag representative of Yorkshire is the White Rose on a blue background.
Yorkshire Day, held annually on 1 August, is a celebration of the general culture of Yorkshire, ranging from its history to its own dialect.
York - (unofficial) county town, rich in medieval heritage, with a beautiful historic centre and breathtaking Minster. York Minster is the Church of England's second most significant site after Canterbury
Bradford - multicultural area with museums and fantastic architecture
Kingston upon Hull (Hull) - historic riverside port, the largest city in East Yorkshire
Leeds - Yorkshire's biggest city boasts thriving culture with museums, shops, restaurants, bars and clubs
Sheffield - "built on seven hills", famous for industrial heritage and progressive music
Wakefield - famous for mystery plays and the Rhubarb Triangle
Upper Nidderdale, one of the Dales, looking up-dale.
Bronte Country - a literature-inspiring region of moorland and atmospheric villages, close to Bradford, Keighley and Halifax
Cliffs at Ravenscar, near Scarborough
Gripping coastline - cliffs, beaches, villages and spa towns like Scarborough, enjoy a bracing walk and fish and chips in Whitby
Harrogate - beautiful Victorian spa town near York
National Parks - the Yorkshire Moors (North Yorkshire), the Yorkshire Dales (West and North Yorkshire) and part of the
Peak District (South Yorkshire), Britain's first National Park established 1951.
Roman Emperor Constantine I was proclaimed Emperor in Eboracum (today's York) in AD 306. Later, the area was popular with Danish Vikings who left their mark on the area: Eboracum became Jórvík.
The Norman Conquest put York on the religious map when William the Conqueror looked at England and thought that a cathedral in York would be a nice counterpoint to one in Canterbury.
The overthrow of King Richard II in 1399 led to antagonisms between the Royal houses of York and Lancaster which came to a head in the Wars of the Roses, a 20 year series of conflicts. The Yorkists lost the war at the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 but had the consolation of hosting and winning the bloodiest battle ever on English soil, the Battle of Towton (near Selby, North Yorkshire), in which 28,000 died.
In the 19th century, Harrogate and Scarborough flourished as spa towns believed to have healing mineral waters. Both remain desirable get-aways. At this time, the industrial revolution was driven by coal, textile and steel (particularly in Sheffield). This greatly changed the way of life for many people who moved to crowded cities that lacked the infrastructure to support them. Cholera outbreaks were a big risk.
The 20th century saw the decline of the industrial centres, many of which spent several decades in the wilderness. Urban regeneration projects and a shifting of corporate focus away from London has led to these towns now hosting professional services in addition to a modern commercial sector.
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